Artemis and two new milestones: space eclipse and maximum distance record from Earth

Artemis and two new milestones: space eclipse and maximum distance record from Earth

Lunar eclipse seen from Artemis in space (Video: NASA)

The Mission Artemis of the JAR makes history. Not just because it’s the return of a rocket to lunar orbit or a new rocket Yes space capsulebut also for other space exploits.

The capsule Orion of NASA’s Artemis I unmanned mission yesterday reached the maximum distance reached by any spacecraft from Earth: 434,522 kilometers (270,000 miles), surpassing the record distance of Apollo 13, of the journey begun from the Kennedy Space Center in Cabo Canaveral, Florida on November 16.

The Orion spacecraft, traveling at 5,102 mph (8,200 km/h), thus broke the record for the furthest distance traveled from Earth by any spacecraft designed to be inhabited by humans, according to NASA. Also at the press conference, which took place from the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, were Mike Sarafin, Artemis mission manager; Vanessa Wyche, director of the said center, and Howard Hu, administrator of the Orion program, who welcomed the “milestones” achieved.

The Orion capsule of the Artemis mission records a lunar eclipse from space

While flying in a far lunar retrograde orbit, meaning it is far from the Moon and in orbit opposite to the Moon’s path around Earth, Orion continues to transmit high-resolution live images. One of them was a spectacular eclipse lunar to Earth observed from the spacecraft. Additionally, other new images represent the highest definition live view from beyond the Moon to date, although several Apollo missions transmitted from this area in the 1960s and 1970s.

“Artemis paves the way for living and working in deep space in a harsh environment and ultimately bringing humans to Mars,” NASA Administrator Bill Nelson said at the press conference. On the thirteenth day of the Artemis I flight, after flying hundreds of thousands of miles around the Moon in the Orion spacecraft, the ship’s commander, model Moonikin Campos, assured via Twitter that he had ” busy times” take selfies with the Moon in the background and collect data from lunar orbit.

The model, who is also a superhero in a NASA comic book, takes its name in honor of American Arturo Campos, a Mexican-born electrical engineer who was “fundamental” in saving the planet. crew of Apollo 13, according to the United States. space agency.

Artemis Flight Plan
Artemis Flight Plan

Last Friday, Orion entered a deep lunar orbit, where the spacecraft will stay for about a week to test various systems in a deep space environment, some 40,000 miles above the lunar surface, before beginning the journey of back to Earth. A week ago, the mission reached another milestone, its closest lunar approach, flying just 128 km above the lunar surface.

Orion is expected to return to Earth on December 11 with a drop off the California coast into the Pacific Ocean after a journey of 25 days, 11 hours and 36 minutes, according to NASA data. The overall goal of the Artemis program is to establish a base on the Moon as a preliminary step to reaching Mars in the future.

The most powerful rocket in history was tested with Artemis (REUTERS/Joe Skipper)
The most powerful rocket in history was tested with Artemis (REUTERS/Joe Skipper)

To do this, after Artemis I, NASA will launch Artemis II into lunar orbit in 2024, with a crew, and the liftoff of Artemis III is scheduled for 2025, a mission in which astronauts, including a woman, would touch down from the satellite. NASA had to delay the departure of the mission four times, twice for technical reasons and two others for weather reasons. Finally, on November 16, the SLS, the most powerful and tallest of all NASA rockets, standing taller than a 30-story building (322 feet or 98 meters), lifted off from Florida propelling the Orion to continue writing history.

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