Eclipse season: after yesterday's sun, a lunar sun arrives in May

Eclipse season: after yesterday’s sun, a lunar sun arrives in May

The partial solar eclipse seen through the clouds (EFE/EPA/CJ GUNTHER)

Yesterday unfolded one of the most captivating astronomical spectacles: a partial solar eclipse. And thousands of Argentinians and people in 6 other South American countries were able to observe it in its entirety.

But this is not the only relevant astronomical event of the year. Another celestial spectacle will be the protagonist in May, when a lunar eclipse occurs and can also be observed from this region.

This lunar eclipse will begin on the night of May 15 and peak at dawn on the 16th. will be completely visible over most of North and South America, it will rise over northwestern North America and the Pacific Ocean, becoming visible in Africa and Europe. This eclipse will be the third of four Metonic lunar eclipses on the same date, each separated by 19 years.

The moon will turn reddish (Photo: UNAM Astronomy Institute)

The moon will turn reddish (Photo: UNAM Astronomy Institute)

According to this nasa mapthese territories of the American continent will be able to admire the passage of the Earth’s shadow on the visible side of the Moon. It will not be the same with Europe, where only a few countries will be able to partially observe it.

On the other hand, in Asia, it will not be visible at all. At its peak, it is expected that the The moon is covered in a reddish glow, a product of how it will reflect sunlight. Moreover, this astronomical phenomenon will coincide with the full moonwhich is scheduled for the same date as the eclipse.

As astronomers and amateurs point out, this chain It is an exceptional event because although solar and lunar eclipses occur with a certain frequency in the Argentinian sky, it is not common for two to follow each other with such a short interval. In 2019, 2020 and 2021 it was rare that three total solar eclipses could be observed in Argentina. One in San Juan, San Luis and Buenos Aires; another in Río Negro and Neuquén, and the last in Antarctica.

A large lunar eclipse is expected in May (Photo: UNAM Institute of Astronomy)

A large lunar eclipse is expected in May (Photo: UNAM Institute of Astronomy)

Historically, the May full moon has been called the “corn planting moon” or “milk moon”, after the white color that characterizes it. This year, it is expected to be located on the other side of the Earth from the Sun, so its the face will be fully illuminated.

In the past, this astronomical phenomenon in May was recognized by the indigenous nations of the United States as the “Flower Moon”, because coincided with the first heavy outbreak of the season. In honor of these ancestral cultures, contemporary astronomers have respected this way of referring to the last full moon of spring.

more solar eclipses

New solar eclipses will occur in 2022 and 2023 (Photo by Kena Betancur / AFP)

New solar eclipses will occur in 2022 and 2023 (Photo by Kena Betancur / AFP)

The next solar eclipse, after the partial solar eclipse on April 30, will be partial on October 25according to JAR. It will be visible in Europe, North East Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Then, in 2023, there will be two solar eclipses. On April 20, we can expect a hybrid eclipse. This special type of eclipse occurs when the moon’s distance is near its limit for the umbra, the part of the moon’s umbra where the moon blocks all the sun from reaching Earth. Only certain regions will experience totality with this eclipse. The hybrid eclipse will be visible in Indonesia, parts of Australia and Papua New Guinea, and the eclipse will be visible in other ways in Southeast Asia, East India, other parts from Australia, the Philippines and New Zealand.

The second eclipse of 2023 will occur on October 14 and will be visible from North, Central and South America. It will be an annular eclipse, which means the sun forms a “ring of fire” around the sun. The annular phase will be best visible in the western United States, Central America, Colombia and Brazil.

We will finally see a total solar eclipse on April 8, 2024 in North and Central America. The total phase will be visible from Mexico, the central United States and eastern Canada. Another eclipse in 2024, annular, will occur on October 2. It will be visible in the Pacific and southern South America, with the annular phase best visible in southern Chile and southern Argentina.

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