NASA will crash a spacecraft into an asteroid to divert its trajectory

NASA: Where to see the first attempt to hijack an asteroid

NASA DART mission (NASA)

Monday, September 26, the American Space Agency (JAR) you will be able to see the results of the Double Asteroid Redirection Test mission (stinger for its acronym in English) in which it will attempt to demonstrate the planet’s defensive capabilities In the event that a asteroid on a collision course with Earth.

Also, so people can see what’s going to happen, the impact between the DART ship and the asteroid Dimorphoswhich is 11 million kilometers from Earth and orbits around another larger one, called Didymos.

So that all of humanity can witness the feat the test mission is meant to accomplish, NASA will broadcast the event live. To participate in the broadcast, users will need to:

NASA's DART mission was sent into space to test Earth's ability to defend against a possible future asteroid impact.
NASA’s DART mission was sent into space to test Earth’s ability to defend against a possible future asteroid impact.

– Access the web of live broadcasts of the JAR nasa.gov/nasalive

– Find the event link “Watch a live stream of NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (stinger) spatialship “.

– Click on the link then press the play button in the event broadcast window.

In addition, NASA has prepared special broadcasts for its official accounts on Youtube, Facebook and Twitter. To enter them, you just have to enter the word “NASA” in the search engines of each social network or write the URLs of each and add “/NASA” to the end of the address.

Transmission will begin at 5:00 a.m. in Mexico, Colombia, Peru; 7:00 a.m. in Chile, Argentina and Brazil.

According to the official NASA website, in which he explains in detail what the mission procedure will be, neither of the two asteroids involved in the test are potentially harmful to the planet. The DART spacecraft, which weighs nearly 600 kg and travel in more than 6 kilometers per secondimpact Dimorphos and deviate it from its orbit, which will also not lead to a change of course from the star towards the Earth.

On November 24, 2021, NASA's DART spacecraft separated from the second stage of the Falcon 9 rocket and began flying through space on its own.  (JAR)
On November 24, 2021, NASA’s DART spacecraft separated from the second stage of the Falcon 9 rocket and began flying through space on its own. (JAR)

In order to study the damage caused by the impact, the dart ship will be destroyed executing its maneuver, the Italian Space Agency sent a second spacecraft, called LICIACube with which we hope to capture the consequences of the experiment on the asteroid and its orbit.

“We are working to bring LICIACube closer between 40 and 80 kilometers of Dimorphos two or three minutes after the DART impact. Close enough to be good impact picturebut not so close that it can be hit by ejecta,” said Dan Lubey, LICIACube navigation manager at NASA’s Propulsion Laboratory.

Since early September, the DART mission spacecraft has managed to locate the asteroid that will represent its final destination. Since then and during the following days, as NASA indicates in a publication on its website, the navigation team on Earth has been performing course correction maneuvers to reduce the spacecraft’s margin of error when it hits the asteroid.

This light image of the asteroid Didymos and its orbiting mole Dimorphos is a composite of 243 images taken by the Reconnaissance and Asteroid Camera for Optical Navigation (DRACO) on July 27, 2022. (JPL DART Navigation Team The NASA)
This light image of the asteroid Didymos and its orbiting mole Dimorphos is a composite of 243 images taken by the Reconnaissance and Asteroid Camera for Optical Navigation (DRACO) on July 27, 2022. (JPL DART Navigation Team The NASA)

About 24 hours before impact on September 25, the spacecraft will locate the asteroid with a margin of only 2 kilometers, which increases the chances of impact and completing its mission, although the consequences and data may be extracted from the test are significant. for the defense of humanity in the future, although NASA indicates that at present no asteroids potentially dangerous to Earth have been identified.

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