In May 24 ephemeris These events that happened on a day like today in Argentina and around the world stand out:
● 1940. French and English troops are cornered by the German army in Dunkirk, a city in France bordering Belgium. The situation being in his favour, Adolf Hitler made a decision which is still the subject of discussion: he ordered the soldiers not to advance on the beach where the English and the French were without any possibility of escaping. It is assumed that he still wanted some sort of deal with London. It is also assumed that they advised him not to give victory to the less ideological officers of Nazism. Airplanes harass the cornered troops and Britain takes advantage of these hours to launch Operation Dynamo. Since May 26, private ships have been crossing the Channel to rescue soldiers. More than 300,000 men are taken to England until June 2.
● 1941Bob Dylan born in Duluth, Minnesota. One of the most important and influential singer-songwriters comes into the world as Robert Allen Zimmerman. He became popular in the early 1960s with songs like “Blowin’ in the Wind”. He joined the protest movement and in the middle of the decade scandalized folk purists when he began to play and record with electric instruments. In 1966, he recorded one of his masterpieces: the double album blonde on blonde. That year, a motorcycle accident took him away from music. He did not go on tour again until 1974. At the end of the 1970s, he converted to Christianity. The following years were not crowned with success. In the late 1980s he made a comeback with the supergroup The Traveling Wilburys, alongside Roy Orbison, George Harrison, Tom Petty and Jeff Lyne, a project interrupted by Orbison’s sudden death. In 2000, for the song “Things Have Changed”, from the film ask me boyswon the Oscar for Best Song. become a legendthe Swedish Academy awarded him the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2016.
● 1964. occurs on the biggest tragedy in football history. At the National Stadium in Lima, the teams of Peru and Argentina play the pre-Olympic final. There were 47,000 people in the stands. The albiceleste won by 1-0 with 6 minutes remaining when the tie occurred. However, the referee, Ángel Pazos of Uruguay, canceled the goal. Then there were fans who wanted to enter the pitch and the police started cracking down, while local and Argentinian fans fought in the stands. Uniformed officers locked the exit doors and thousands of people were locked in. At the same time, tear gas was fired. A total of 338 people died and more than 500 were injured.. Most of the victims died of asphyxiation.
● 1966. Eric Cantona, one of the best players of his generation, was born in Marseille. He went through several teams in his country, such as Olympique de Marseille and Montpellier before arriving in England. After a year at Leeds United, he moved to Manchester United, where he played until 1997, when he retired. He won four first division championships there and became a star, for his talent and for his irascible character. In 1995 he kicked a Crystal Palace fan for xenophobic shouting. They gave him eight months of sanction, and he always demanded this action. His years of splendor coincided with a bad time for the French team, which failed to qualify for the 1990 and 1994 World Cups, thus missing out on the World Cup.
● 1974. Duke Ellington, one of the greatest musicians in the history of jazz, dies in New York at the age of 75. Considered one of the greatest composers of the 20th century, he led a big band from the piano and had Billy Strayhorn as his arranger. He became famous at the Cotton Club in New York in the 1920s. Author of classics such as “Jeep’s Blues”, “Caravan” and “Satin Doll”, he also produced more complex works, such as the following Such a sweet thunderinspired by the works of Shakespeare and Black, brown and beige, a compendium of black history in America since slavery. The centenary of his birth, in 1999, resulted in the awarding of a special Pulitzer Prize for his contributions.
● 1977. Monte Grande Massacre. 16 kidnapped in the clandestine detention center of El Vesubio are taken to a house in this locality of Buenos Aires, where they are shot. The bodies were placed in unidentified mass graves at Monte Grande Cemetery and their names were revealed as having fallen in a clash. The victims had been taken home on the pretext that they would be made available to the national executive. A total of 13 repressors would receive sentences. The owners of the house wanted to sell the propertybut they were unable due to opposition from human rights organisations, who claimed the chalet as place of memory.
● nineteen eighty one. In an aviation accident that still raises doubts, the President of Ecuador dies, Jaime Roldos Aguilera. He was 40 years old and had won the 1979 elections, which ended the dictatorship in the country. The plane crashes on the hill of Huayrapungo. Along with his wife Roldós (sister of future President Abdalá Bucaram), the Minister of Defense and the seven other occupants of the ship die. He is replaced by Vice-President Osvaldo Hurtado, who completes the presidential mandate until 1984. The official investigation speaks of a pilot error. However, there has been speculation of an attack with US consent due to the President’s hydrocarbon policy. It is also worth noting that he was frowned upon for his progressiveness at a time when most right-wing dictatorships were in South America.
Moreover, it is the Pansexual Awareness Day.