UNITED STATES (AP).- Alabama is the first US state to criminalize the use of puberty and hormone blockers treat transgender people under the age of 19. Consistent with what has happened in other Republican-ruled states, the legislator also passed a measure requiring students to use the toilets corresponding to their birth sex and bans discussing gender and sexual identity in classes of younger students.
Critics of the initiatives criticize the restrictions that They prevent us from talking about these issues and say that these are the laws of “Don’t say gay”.
Republican Governor of Alabama sanctioned the initiatives on Friday and immediately his opponents went to court to prevent the entry into force of those restricting medical measures.
The Republicans They say these measures are necessary to protect children and that decisions about gender reassignment drugs they must wait until the person is of legal age. On the other hand, it is claimed that politicians interfere with medical decisions that correspond to families and doctors.
Cathryn Oakley of the Human Rights Campaign, which advocates for the LGBTQ community, called the two bills “the most anti-transgender laws in history.”
the said “Alabama’s Compassionate and Vulnerable Child Protection Act” considered a crime to prescribe or apply to anyone under the age of 19 puberty blockers or hormone treatments”in an attempt to alter the appearance or affirm the minor’s perception of his or her gender or sex”.
Lawmakers have made violating these laws a class C felony, which means doctors face penalties of up to 10 years in prison.
The law, which comes into force on May 8, unless the courts decide otherwise, It also prohibits operations to alter sexual appearance, although doctors say they do not perform such operations on minors.
Alabama’s legislation goes beyond measures adopted in other states. Arkansas was the first to ban sex-affirming drugs, but this offense is not a criminal offense. The Arkansas law was blocked by a judge before it took effect.
The Governor of Texas Greg Abbott has ordered an investigation into those facilitating sex reassignment processes suspected of child abuse.
Doctors, family members and activists say politicians interfere with decisions that fit families and doctors. The measures drew immediate criticism from medical experts, the Democratic administration, President Joe Biden and family members of trans youth. Several doctors say Alabama’s law frustrates serious investigation and criminalizes routine medical measures. Health experts also say that children with gender dysphoria (when a person does not identify with the sex they were born with) who do not receive adequate medical treatment are at greater risk of deep depression and suicidal tendencies.
The law also requires that counsellors, teachers, principals and other staff to notify parents if a minor reveals they think they are transgender. It also prohibits school personnel from encouraging students not to disclose information to their parents.
The second part of the law signed by Ivey refers to the use of restrooms and classroom instruction. Elementary and middle school students are required by law to use mixed toilets and locker rooms that match their birth gender, not the gender they identify with. It also prohibits teachers and other staff in grades one through five from discussing sexual orientation and gender identity. “in a way that is not appropriate for students, by state standards.”
Critics of the measure describe a similar initiative adopted in Florida, applicable up to the third degree, as the “Don’t Say Gay” law.
Opponents are confident a judge will grant their request to block the drug ban. Measures regarding toilet use and classroom instruction are also expected to end in court.
The Justice Department has sent a letter to states warning that efforts to block transgender minors’ access to care that helps them establish their gender may violate federal law and constitutional protections.